|Image: Michelle Meiklejohn / FreeDigitalPhotos.net|
If you think about it most of us come into contact with this concept every day - its called a credit card. So if you imagine that a government does all its spending on its credit card, then you'll have the structure about right.
There are differences though. A monetarily sovereign government is able to get the best credit card deal in the world. It is a super-platinum credit card with the following benefits:
It has no spending limitCertain individuals can get 'no pre-set spending limit' cards, so its hardly surprising a sovereign government with full tax raising powers and it own currency can get one (unlike the Greeks who have a spending limit set by Brussels).
It can repay itselfThe government issues its own credit card (unlike the Irish, who effectively have a German one) so it can settle the credit card bill and any interest charges with the same credit card. If you had the ability to settle your credit card bill with a credit card you'd never have to fund it with anything real either.
It has the best cashback deal in existenceThe key benefit though is the cashback system. You might get a measly percentage when you spend money at Tesco, but when the government spends at Tesco not only does it get a percentage, but when Tesco pays its staff the government gets another percentage, and then when the staff buy beer at the pub the government takes another chunk. And so on until the initial government spending turns entirely into cashback.
For the government it is a cracking cashback deal - for every £100 it spends, it always gets £100 back in cashback. For everybody else it is known as taxation and besides death it is the only certainty in life.
So with this in place the only time they will run a balance on the credit card would be if people out there haven't spent everything they've earned. In other words a balance on the credit card is caused by people saving.
That balance on the credit card would then be known as the 'national debt' and the change in the balance as the 'deficit'. But the cause is still the same - people saving.
If only I had one of those...Now just think what you could do if you had one of these cards:
- you could spend as much as you like anywhere where the card is accepted.
- you'd never have to fund your spending.
- you'd never worry about the balance because you don't have to pay it off, it doesn't affect your credit limit and you know you'll get the cashback to cover it anyway when people spend their savings.
So what's the catch?"the possession of great power necessarily implies great responsibility"
(Spiderman fans may prefer this of course. No it's not me doing the acting - I have a doppelgänger)
Although you can never run out of money on your super-platinum credit card, you can run out of real things to buy. So you have to make sure you use the money wisely in a manner that encourages to production of real stuff. That way there is more for you to buy.
If nobody tends your garden, then hire somebody without a job to do that for you. It doesn't cost you anything - you have a super-platinum card - but it gives somebody without one the means to support their family.
You might trim back the cashback percentage a little. It doesn't cost you anything - as long as the rate is positive you'll get all your spending back eventually and you have unlimited balances anyway. But it does put money into the pocket of people and allows them to buy more real stuff for their family and perhaps keep paying the mortgage or rent.
You might pay for the upkeep of universities and training colleges. It doesn't cost you anything - the colleges already exist and keeping them up gives people without work jobs. You might also fund students to go there. It doesn't cost you anything, and those students will be able to use their greater skills in the future to generate more real output for you to buy.
You might decide to create a high speed rail link across the country. Again it doesn't cost you anything - you have a super-platinum card - and engineers short of work like nothing better than a big project to get their teeth into. And that infrastructure would last a century or more - bringing great benefits to all (and not an insignificant amount of accolade to those who created them).
Or you might be really bold and fund everybody who makes a contribution to society so that they can do that work yet still live free from poverty. You can encourage the use of more machines to produce real output more cheaply with less labour so that a reasonable standard of living is provided for all by right - without the current problem of the job losses causing a collapse in income and a recession. That might sound a bit Star Trek, but without an evolution along those lines we'll end up over-consuming the planet.